The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies' (TES)
Volume 9, Number 2, 2010
Abstract: The present study was undertaken to develop an optimization model that utilized the simulating and predicting capabilities of QUAL2E water quality model. The model employed a mixed integer linear programming technique in presenting a water quality management perspective, in terms of a decision space. Constrained with effluent standards and desired water quality criteria, the model was then duly applied for its suitability to pollution impaired river stretch of River Hindon (Main River) and River Kali (a tributary).The two rivers flow through industrially developed districts of the state of Uttar Pradesh in Northern India. The execution of the model, for the study stretch, yielded a feasible solution in terms of treatment options that satisfied optimization criteria and if implemented in practice, would result in a desired water quality improvement, based upon the environmental priorities established by the government. The model is an example of developing a procedure for water quality management within the constitutional framework of pollution control in India.