The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies' (TES)
Volume 11, Number 2, 2012
It is assumed that before implementation of this project the characteristics of the environment of the area were almost the same. The FCDI interventions have changed the environment. Therefore, the aims of the study were (1) to identify the impacts of the project on land use, (2) to recognize effects on some of the agricultural components like cropping pattern, intensity, (3) to make a status list of the flora and fauna of the study area; (4) to recognize the cause and effect relationship between the project interventions and IEC (Important Environmental Components) of the study area and (5) to identify the impacts at various environment levels. This study was based on both primary and secondary data. Data were collected from household and Mouza level questionnaire survey, key informants and observation. Mouza map, GIS and statistical methods were used at different stages of the study. The modified EIA method was used for impact assessment of the project in Nischintapur mouza.
The study shows that cropping patterns, cropping intensity and crop diversity have changed in the area. The land use of the area has changed. The physical, biological and agricultural environment has been effected for the lack of water. These have an adverse impact on human life. This study has confirmed and exposed the consequences of FCDI project on environmental components inside the embankment of the area, which does not get irrigation facilities.
Keywords: Bangladesh, Flood Control Drainage and Irrigation Project, Agriculture, Environmental Impacts